Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks (b. June 7, 1917 – d. December 3, 2000) was an award-winning poet who rose to popularity from her politically conscious poems on urban life. She is noted for her ability to transform ordinary stories about everyday people into something extraordinary. Brooks was born on June 7, 1917, in Topeka, Kansas but was raised in Chicago, Illinois.
Her talents were displayed from an early age, and she published her first poem at the age of 13. By 17 years old, Brooks published poems frequently in the Chicago Defender. She attended junior college and began developing her craft with the help of poetry workshops. Her poems focused on African American life and experiences. These early poems comprised her first collection, A Street in Bronzeville (1945), which was well received by audiences.
Following the success of her first collection, Brooks published Annie Allen in 1949. It told the story of an African American girl growing up in Chicago through a series of poems. Brooks won the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, and she was the first African American to be awarded this prize. She went on to publish her first novel, Maud Martha (1953), and channeled a similar theme from the story told in Annie Allen.
Brooks began to take a more politic focus as her later works progressed. In 1968, she published In the Mecca, which included poems such as “Boy Breaking Glass” and “Malcolm X.” She was named poet laureate for the state of Illinois during the same year. Her activism and passion for urban literature pushed her to seek out Black owned publishing companies and leave Harper & Row, the major publisher she was working with.
In 1985, she became the first black woman appointed as a consultant in poetry to the Library of Congress. Brooks was also awarded the lifetime achievement award from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1989. By 1990, she decided to teach a new generation of writers by taking a position as an English professor at Chicago State University.
Over the course of her career, Brooks published a highly esteemed novel, and more than a dozen poetry books. She died on December 3, 2000.
Gwendolyn Brooks Interview (1967)
An Interview with Gwendolyn Brooks (1980)
An Interview with Gwendolyn Brooks (1986)
Lincoln Academy Interview with Gwendolyn Brooks (1997)
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by Paul T. Nicholson and Ian Shaw (Editors)
Aimed primarily at Egyptologists and archaeologists, this book covers all aspects of craftwork in ancient Egypt, from the construction of the pyramids and the carving of statues to techniques of mummification, boat-building, jewelery making, ancient brewing, carpentry, hairstyling, tailoring and basket weaving. Drawing on archaeological, experimental, ethnographic and laboratory work, it is the first book since the 1920s to describe current research into the actual basics of life in Pharaonic Egypt
The Birds of Ancient Egypt (Excerpt)
by Patrick F Houlihan
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The Eloquent Peasant
Excerpt by Miriam Lichtheim
First published in 1973, this anthology has assumed classic status in the field of Egyptology and portrays the remarkable evolution of the literary forms of one of the world’s earliest civilizations. Beginning with the early and gradual evolution of Egyptian genres, it includes biographical and historical inscriptions carved on stone, the various classes of works written with pen on papyrus, and the mortuary literature that focuses on life after death. It then shows the culmination of these literary genres within the single period known as the New Kingdom (1550–1080 B.C.) and ends in the last millennium of Pharaonic civilization, from the tenth century B.C. to the beginning of the Christian era.
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Excerpt by Jacob Carruthers
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by Dr. Mario Beatty
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by Dr. Mario Beatty
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by Dr. Mario Beatty
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by Dr. Mario Beatty
Abstract: Martin Robinson Delany (1812-1885) was clearly the first African-American to attempt to visually present, transcribe, and translate Egyptian hieroglyphs in a text entitled Principia of Ethnology: The Origins of Races and Color, with an Archaeological Compendium of Ethiopian and Egyptian Civilization from Years of Careful Examination and Enquiry (1879). There has never been any research conducted on descriptively understanding the method and significance of his effort to translate Egyptian hieroglyphs. The purpose of this paper seeks to present a philological and historical examination of his effort to translate Egyptian hieroglyphs historically contextualized as a response to the impact of the famous “American School of Ethnology” and one of its prominent members, George Robins Gliddon, an amateur Egyptologist who played a foundational mediating role in introducing Egyptology and the work of Champollion to American audiences in the nineteenth century. (ANKH ARTICLE: N°12-13, 2003-2004 (PP. 78-99)